The closing of a post for "duplicate" or "too localized" carries no penalty. On the other hand, the closing of a post for "off topic" or "not a real question" carries a downvote. Apparently the first two are "not your fault" closes, while the latter means "your fault, reputation penalty."
And there is another category, "not constructive," or "argumentive and subjective" that carries no penalty. Why would that be a "no fault" close?